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  • This project was performed to investigate the evolution of Western ice sheet (WIS) in the Eastern Basin (Ross Sea), Antarctica. The Ross Sea is part of the West Antarctic Rift System that has three main depocenters as the Eastern Basin, the Central Basin and the Victoria Land Basin. The Eastern Basin contains a thick sedimentary sequence that tells about the WIS advance and retreat. DSDP cores were drilled in this area (Hayes and Frakes, 1975) gives knowledge about the stratigraphy and the depositional environment of the area from Upper Miocene to Pleistocene (Hayes and Frakes, 1975). Large erosional hiatuses and poor interpretations of DSDP cores, do not let to construct of the Eastern Basin depositional history and the evolution of the WIS (Hayes and Frakes, 1975; Denton et al., 1991). On the other hand, multichannel seismic studies in the Ross Sea gives more knowledge about the sedimentary sequences and unconformities (ANTOSTRAT, 1995). These studies show that Lower Pliocene is identified by a marked erosion surface, called RSU2 (De Santis et al., 1995; Brancolini et al., 1997), and is correlated with a large hiatus in DSDP 273 which is dated from 10.5 to 4 ma (Savage and Ciesielski, 1983). Horizon RSU2 corresponds to a sharp change in the structure and lithology of sediments, which may be interpreted as a major increase of the glacial influence. Thus, it is clear that RSU2 identifies a major, unique event in the depositional history at the Ross Sea. The explanation of this event is today largely hypothetical, based on progressive climatic cooling occurred during Pliocene and the consequent grow of the Antarctic ice sheet. For setting up reliable paleo-climatic models, however, we have to define precisely the extension and features of the ice sheet: thus, we proposed to carry out a detailed geophysical study in a specific area of the Ross Sea, for reconstructing dimensions and dynamics of the Eastern ice sheet during Pliocene, a period of large changes at a global level, anda also the most debated one for the history of the Antarctic ice sheet.

  • During austral summer1994/95, the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS, on board the research vessel OGS-Explora, conducted marine geological and geophysical surveys along the Antarctic Peninsula. The SANSCRITO (Seismic ANalysis SCotia RIdge Tectonic Outcome) programme was a seismic exploration cruise in the Scotia Sea to understand the tectonic history and evolution of the region; data were collected between longitude 45 and 54 degrees West, and latitude 59 and 65 degrees South. During this programme 1990 km of 30-fold multichannel seismic reflection (MCS) data, 14 second records, 4 ms sample rate, were recorded on a SERCEL SN 358 DMX system. The source consisted of an airgun array with a total volume of 80 litres fired every 50 meters into a 3000 m cable consisting of 120 hydrophone groups towed at an average depth of 12 m. A GPS + TRANSIT satellite receiver system was used for navigation. The Chief Scientist on this programme was: Emanuele Lodolo of the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS, Borgo Grotta Gigante n. 42/C, 34010 Sgonico (Trieste), Italy. Processing of the data generally followed a conventional sequence: Reformat, Trace-sum with differential NMO, Quality control, Amplitude recovery, Deconvolution, Velocity analysis, NMO corrections, Mute, Trace weighting, Stack, Mixing, Filter, and Dynamic trace equalisation.

  • During Austral Summer 1989-90, the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS, conducted marine geological and geophysical surveys off South Pacific ocean, in the Weddell Sea over Bellingshausen Sea, in the Ross Sea and over Admundsen Sea. This cruise collected approximately 8763 km of multichannel seismic reflection (MCS) data. The surveys extended, in diferent area, between longitudes 34 and 172 degrees west , and between latitudes 59 and 76 degrees south. The surveys were carried out by the research vessel OGS Explora. The digital MCS data were recorded on a SERCEL SN 358 DMX system. The source consisted of an airgun array with variable configuration from a total volume of 45.16 litres fired approximately every 50 meters. A GPS + TRANSIT satellite receiver system was used for navigation. Processing of the data generally followed a conventional sequence: Reformat, Trace-sum with differential NMO, Quality control, Amplitude recovery, Deconvolution, Velocity analysis, NMO corrections, Mute, Trace weighting, Stack, Mixing, Filter, Balance.

  • In accordance with the mandate of the Italian state (law july 21th 1967, n 613), the national oil and gas company (AGIP) acquired a large network of marine seismic data in several areas of the italian exclusive economic zone (EEZ) that have been named “Zona” marked by a capital letter from A to G. The seismic lines were available only as paper prints. The National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS, in collaboration with the italian Ministry of Economic Development (MISE) undertook a project to recover and transform the format of these paper sections in order that they can be used with modern technologies. Vintage data recovery represents a big opportunity for both the scientific and Oil and Gas community, since these data are generally characterized by high penetration and wide regional extension that would be very difficult to obtain nowadays, considering environmental, geopolitical and funding issues. This dataset (Zona B) corresponds to the central Adriatic Sea area.

  • In accordance with the mandate of the Italian state (law july 21th 1967, n 613), the national oil and gas company (AGIP) acquired a large network of marine seismic data in several areas of the italian exclusive economic zone (EEZ) that have been named “Zona” marked by a capital letter from A to G. The seismic lines were available only as paper prints. The National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS, in collaboration with the italian Ministry of Economic Development (MISE) undertook a project to recover and transform the format of these paper sections in order that they can be used with modern technologies. Vintage data recovery represents a big opportunity for both the scientific and Oil and Gas community, since these data are generally characterized by high penetration and wide regional extension that would be very difficult to obtain nowadays, considering environmental, geopolitical and funding issues. This dataset (Zona B) corresponds to the central Adriatic Sea area.

  • This project was performed to investigate the evolution of Western ice sheet (WIS) in the Eastern Basin (Ross Sea), Antarctica. The Ross Sea is part of the West Antarctic Rift System that has three main depocenters as the Eastern Basin, the Central Basin and the Victoria Land Basin. The Eastern Basin contains a thick sedimentary sequence that tells about the WIS advance and retreat. DSDP cores were drilled in this area (Hayes and Frakes, 1975) gives knowledge about the stratigraphy and the depositional environment of the area from Upper Miocene to Pleistocene (Hayes and Frakes, 1975). Large erosional hiatuses and poor interpretations of DSDP cores, do not let to construct of the Eastern Basin depositional history and the evolution of the WIS (Hayes and Frakes, 1975; Denton et al., 1991). On the other hand, multichannel seismic studies in the Ross Sea gives more knowledge about the sedimentary sequences and unconformities (ANTOSTRAT, 1995). These studies show that Lower Pliocene is identified by a marked erosion surface, called RSU2 (De Santis et al., 1995; Brancolini et al., 1997), and is correlated with a large hiatus in DSDP 273 which is dated from 10.5 to 4 ma (Savage and Ciesielski, 1983). Horizon RSU2 corresponds to a sharp change in the structure and lithology of sediments, which may be interpreted as a major increase of the glacial influence. Thus, it is clear that RSU2 identifies a major, unique event in the depositional history at the Ross Sea. The explanation of this event is today largely hypothetical, based on progressive climatic cooling occurred during Pliocene and the consequent grow of the Antarctic ice sheet. For setting up reliable paleo-climatic models, however, we have to define precisely the extension and features of the ice sheet: thus, we proposed to carry out a detailed geophysical study in a specific area of the Ross Sea, for reconstructing dimensions and dynamics of the Eastern ice sheet during Pliocene, a period of large changes at a global level, anda also the most debated one for the history of the Antarctic ice sheet.

  • During austral summer1994/95, the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS, on board the research vessel OGS-Explora, conducted marine geological and geophysical surveys along the Antarctic Peninsula. The SANSCRITO (Seismic ANalysis SCotia RIdge Tectonic Outcome) programme was a seismic exploration cruise in the Scotia Sea to understand the tectonic history and evolution of the region; data were collected between longitude 45 and 54 degrees West, and latitude 59 and 65 degrees South. During this programme 1990 km of 30-fold multichannel seismic reflection (MCS) data, 14 second records, 4 ms sample rate, were recorded on a SERCEL SN 358 DMX system. The source consisted of an airgun array with a total volume of 80 litres fired every 50 meters into a 3000 m cable consisting of 120 hydrophone groups towed at an average depth of 12 m. A GPS + TRANSIT satellite receiver system was used for navigation. The Chief Scientist on this programme was: Emanuele Lodolo of the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS, Borgo Grotta Gigante n. 42/C, 34010 Sgonico (Trieste), Italy. Processing of the data generally followed a conventional sequence: Reformat, Trace-sum with differential NMO, Quality control, Amplitude recovery, Deconvolution, Velocity analysis, NMO corrections, Mute, Trace weighting, Stack, Mixing, Filter, and Dynamic trace equalisation.

  • In December 1989, the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS conducted marine geological and geophysical surveys off the Pacific Margin of the Antarctic Peninsula, in the Weddell Sea and over Admundsen Sea. This cruise collected approximately 3,478.4 km of 30-fold multichannel seismic reflection (MCS) data. The surveys extended between longitudes 41 and 99 degrees west , and between latitudes 61 and 69 degrees south. The surveys were carried out by the research vessel OGS Explora. The digital MCS data were recorded on a SERCEL SN 358 DMX system. The source consisted of an airgun array with a total volume of 45.16 litres fired approximately every 50 meters. A GPS + TRANSIT satellite receiver system was used for navigation. Processing of the data generally followed a conventional sequence: Reformat, Trace-sum with differential NMO, Quality control, Amplitude recovery, Deconvolution, Velocity analysis, NMO corrections, Mute, Trace weighting, Stack, Mixing, Filter, Balance.

  • In accordance with the mandate of the Italian state (law july 21th 1967, n 613), the national oil and gas company (AGIP) acquired a large network of marine seismic data in several areas of the italian exclusive economic zone (EEZ) that have been named “Zona” marked by a capital letter from A to G. The seismic lines were available only as paper prints. The National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS, in collaboration with the italian Ministry of Economic Development (MISE) undertook a project to recover and transform the format of these paper sections in order that they can be used with modern technologies. Vintage data recovery represents a big opportunity for both the scientific and Oil and Gas community, since these data are generally characterized by high penetration and wide regional extension that would be very difficult to obtain nowadays, considering environmental, geopolitical and funding issues. This dataset (Zona B) corresponds to the central Adriatic Sea area.

  • In accordance with the mandate of the Italian state (law july 21th 1967, n 613), the national oil and gas company (AGIP) acquired a large network of marine seismic data in several areas of the italian exclusive economic zone (EEZ) that have been named “Zona” marked by a capital letter from A to G. The seismic lines were available only as paper prints. The National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS, in collaboration with the italian Ministry of Economic Development (MISE) undertook a project to recover and transform the format of these paper sections in order that they can be used with modern technologies. Vintage data recovery represents a big opportunity for both the scientific and Oil and Gas community, since these data are generally characterized by high penetration and wide regional extension that would be very difficult to obtain nowadays, considering environmental, geopolitical and funding issues. This dataset (Zona B) corresponds to the central Adriatic Sea area.