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  • Complementary with the ANTSSS project funded by EUROFLEETS, ODYSSEA aimed at investigating the sediment drifts to the west of the Hillary Canyon (Ross Sea continental margin) by means of seismic and oceanographic data to contribute to the understanding of past and present ocean dynamics and glacial history of this Antarctic sector. During the 32nd PNRA expedition, OGS Explora collected over 240 km of Single Channel Seismics (SCS), 2700 km2 of bathymetry, 500 km of sub-bottom, 6 gravity cores for a total of nearly 30 m of sediments, 4 box cores, 25 XBT launches, 2 rosette casts with water sampling, CTD, L-ADCP, turbidity and florescence probes. Part of the seismic data have been initially published in Conte R et al (2021) Bottom current control on sediment deposition between the Iselin Bank and the Hillary Canyon (Antarctica) since the late Miocene: An integrated seismic-oceanographic approach. Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 176, art. no. 103606, DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr.2021.103606

  • High-resolution multichannel seismic profiles have been collected in January–March 2017 by OGS on the continental rise off the Sabrina Coast (East Antarctica). The data were acquired as part of the Italian Program of Antarctic Research (PNRA) TYTAN “Totten Glacier dynamics and Southern Ocean circulation impact on depositional processes since the Mid- to Late Cenozoic” project (PI: F. Donda-OGS) during the Australian Marine National Facility survey IN2017-V01 on board the RV Investigator. TYTAN was embedded in to the Australian project "Interactions of the Totten Glacier with the Southern Ocean through multiple glacial cycles” that aimed to understand the interaction of Totten Glacier and its ice drainage basin with the Southern Ocean during periods of warming and ice-sheet retreat in the Pleistocene and Holocene. In order to achieve these scientific objectives, three areas were identified for the geophysical and oceanographic survey: two on the continental slope and rise off Sabrina Coast and one on the continental shelf, which was not investigated because it remained covered by sea ice throughout the season. Expanded and well-preserved sedimentary successions imaged on the TYTAN seismic data highlight the potential of this region for deep ocean drilling, which will provide unprecedented history of the glaciers evolution in the Aurora Basin and their sensitivity to climate change under different background state conditions. In fact, TYTAN seismic data played a crucial role in the identification of potential drilling sites for the IODP 1002 Proposal “Totten Glacier Climate Vulnerability under varying Neogene climate conditions: Lessons for East Antarctic Ice Sheet climate sensitivity” (under review).

  • Complementary with the ANTSSS project funded by EUROFLEETS, ODYSSEA aimed at investigating the sediment drifts to the west of the Hillary Canyon (Ross Sea continental margin) by means of seismic and oceanographic data to contribute to the understanding of past and present ocean dynamics and glacial history of this Antarctic sector. During the 32nd PNRA expedition, OGS Explora collected over 240 km of Single Channel Seismics (SCS), 2700 km2 of bathymetry, 500 km of sub-bottom, 6 gravity cores for a total of nearly 30 m of sediments, 4 box cores, 25 XBT launches, 2 rosette casts with water sampling, CTD, L-ADCP, turbidity and florescence probes. Part of the seismic data have been initially published in Conte R et al (2021) Bottom current control on sediment deposition between the Iselin Bank and the Hillary Canyon (Antarctica) since the late Miocene: An integrated seismic-oceanographic approach. Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 176, art. no. 103606, DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr.2021.103606

  • This project was performed to investigate the evolution of Western ice sheet (WIS) in the Eastern Basin (Ross Sea), Antarctica. The Ross Sea is part of the West Antarctic Rift System that has three main depocenters as the Eastern Basin, the Central Basin and the Victoria Land Basin. The Eastern Basin contains a thick sedimentary sequence that tells about the WIS advance and retreat. DSDP cores were drilled in this area (Hayes and Frakes, 1975) gives knowledge about the stratigraphy and the depositional environment of the area from Upper Miocene to Pleistocene (Hayes and Frakes, 1975). Large erosional hiatuses and poor interpretations of DSDP cores, do not let to construct of the Eastern Basin depositional history and the evolution of the WIS (Hayes and Frakes, 1975; Denton et al., 1991). On the other hand, multichannel seismic studies in the Ross Sea gives more knowledge about the sedimentary sequences and unconformities (ANTOSTRAT, 1995). These studies show that Lower Pliocene is identified by a marked erosion surface, called RSU2 (De Santis et al., 1995; Brancolini et al., 1997), and is correlated with a large hiatus in DSDP 273 which is dated from 10.5 to 4 ma (Savage and Ciesielski, 1983). Horizon RSU2 corresponds to a sharp change in the structure and lithology of sediments, which may be interpreted as a major increase of the glacial influence. Thus, it is clear that RSU2 identifies a major, unique event in the depositional history at the Ross Sea. The explanation of this event is today largely hypothetical, based on progressive climatic cooling occurred during Pliocene and the consequent grow of the Antarctic ice sheet. For setting up reliable paleo-climatic models, however, we have to define precisely the extension and features of the ice sheet: thus, we proposed to carry out a detailed geophysical study in a specific area of the Ross Sea, for reconstructing dimensions and dynamics of the Eastern ice sheet during Pliocene, a period of large changes at a global level, anda also the most debated one for the history of the Antarctic ice sheet.

  • Complementary with the ODYSSEA project funded by PNRA, ANTSSS aimed at finding evidence for Late Pleistocene sedimentary signatures of major changes in the extent of grounded, marine based ice sheets in the Ross Sea, as preserved in slope/ rise drift deposits by means of seismic and oceanographic data. During the 2017 expedition, OGS Explora collected over 450 km of Single Channel Seismics (SCS), 1575 km2 of bathymetry, >500 km of sub-bottom, and oceanographic data, including Conductivity Temperature Depth (CTD), Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP), Lowered-ADCP, Expendable Bathythermograph (XBT) and turbidity data. Part of the seismic data have been initially published in Gales et al. (2021) Role of dense shelf water in the development of Antarctic submarine canyon morphology. Geomorphology, 372, art. no. 107453. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2020.107453

  • During Austral Summer 1989-90, the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS, conducted marine geological and geophysical surveys off South Pacific ocean, in the Weddell Sea over Bellingshausen Sea, in the Ross Sea and over Admundsen Sea. This cruise collected approximately 8763 km of multichannel seismic reflection (MCS) data. The surveys extended, in diferent area, between longitudes 34 and 172 degrees west , and between latitudes 59 and 76 degrees south. The surveys were carried out by the research vessel OGS Explora. The digital MCS data were recorded on a SERCEL SN 358 DMX system. The source consisted of an airgun array with variable configuration from a total volume of 45.16 litres fired approximately every 50 meters. A GPS + TRANSIT satellite receiver system was used for navigation. Processing of the data generally followed a conventional sequence: Reformat, Trace-sum with differential NMO, Quality control, Amplitude recovery, Deconvolution, Velocity analysis, NMO corrections, Mute, Trace weighting, Stack, Mixing, Filter, Balance.

  • During austral summer1989-90 the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS conducted marine geological and geophysical surveys off Wilkes Land, and around the Balleny Islands. During this cruise 1284 km of 30-fold multichannel seismic reflection (MCS) data were collected between longitude 165 and 176 degrees East, and latitude 61 and 66 degrees South. The surveys were carried out by the research vessel OGS Explora. The 14 second, 4 ms sample rate, digital MCS data were recorded on a SERCEL SN 358 DMX system. The source consisted of an airgun array with a total volume of 22.5 litres fired every 50 meters into a 3000 m cable consisting of 120 hydrophone groups towed at an average depth of 12 m. A GPS + TRANSIT satellite receiver system was used for navigation. Processing of the data generally followed a conventional sequence: Reformat, Quality control, Amplitude recovery, Deconvolution, Velocity analysis, NMO corrections, Mute, Trace weighting, Stack, Mixing, Filter, Dynamic trace equalisation.

  • During austral summer1996/97, the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS, on board the research vessel OGS-Explora, conducted marine geological and geophysical surveys along the Antarctic Peninsula. During this cruise there were several research programmes; TENAP, BSR and SEDANO II. The TENAP (cenozoic Tectonic Evolutionof the Northem Antarctic Peninsula) programme was a geological and geophysical research project to study the Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Antartic Peninsula and its borders; data were collected between longitude 59 and 66 degrees West, and latitude 61 and 64 degrees South. During this programme 702.5 km of 30-fold multichannel seismic reflection (MCS) data, 16 second records, 4 ms sample rate, were recorded on a SERCEL SN 358 DMX system. The source consisted of an airgun array with a total volume of 60.5 litres, using the Single Bubble methodology, fired every 50 meters into a 3000 m cable consisting of 120 hydrophone groups towed at an average depth of 12 m. A GPS + TRANSIT satellite receiver system was used for navigation. The Chief Scientists on this programme was: Giulio Pellis of the Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile e Ambientale of the Università di Trieste, Piazzale Europa n. 1, 34127 Trieste, Italy. Processing of the data generally followed a conventional sequence: Reformat, Quality control, Amplitude recovery, Deconvolution, Velocity analysis, NMO corrections, Mute, Trace weighting, Stack, Mixing, Filter, Dynamic trace equalisation.

  • During austral summer 1990/91, the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS conducted marine geological and geophysical surveys off Wilkes Land, and around the Balleny Islands. During this cruise 1935 km of 30-fold multichannel seismic reflection (MCS) data were collected between longitude 150 and 169 degrees East, and latitude 56 and 64 degrees South. The surveys were carried out by the research vessel OGS Explora. The 14 second, 4 ms sample rate, digital MCS data were recorded on a SERCEL SN 358 DMX system. The source consisted of an airgun array with a total volume of 74.8 litres fired every 50 meters into a 3000 m cable consisting of 120 hydrophone groups towed at an average depth of 12 m. A GPS + TRANSIT satellite receiver system was used for navigation. Processing of the data generally followed a conventional sequence: Reformat, Quality control, Amplitude recovery, Deconvolution, Velocity analysis, NMO corrections, Mute, Trace weighting, Stack, Mixing, Filter, Dynamic trace equalisation.

  • During Austral Summer 1989-90, the National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS, conducted marine geological and geophysical surveys off South Pacific ocean, in the Weddell Sea over Bellingshausen Sea, in the Ross Sea and over Admundsen Sea. This cruise collected approximately 8763 km of multichannel seismic reflection (MCS) data. The surveys extended, in diferent area, between longitudes 34 and 172 degrees west , and between latitudes 59 and 76 degrees south. The surveys were carried out by the research vessel OGS Explora. The digital MCS data were recorded on a SERCEL SN 358 DMX system. The source consisted of an airgun array with variable configuration from a total volume of 45.16 litres fired approximately every 50 meters. A GPS + TRANSIT satellite receiver system was used for navigation. Processing of the data generally followed a conventional sequence: Reformat, Trace-sum with differential NMO, Quality control, Amplitude recovery, Deconvolution, Velocity analysis, NMO corrections, Mute, Trace weighting, Stack, Mixing, Filter, Balance.